Josephus, Flavius (Flavius Josephus; Joseph ben Mattathias)

(c.38-after 100)
   Palestinian historian and soldier. He was born in Jerusalem. In 64 he went to Rome on a mission to secure the release of several priests. At the outbreak of the Jewish rebellion against the Romans in 66, he was appointed commander of Galilee, and when the Romans attacked the province in 67, he directed the resistance. He surrendered to the Romans after Jotapata was captured; he accompanied Vespasian and Titus during the siege of Jerusalem. After the Roman victory he lived in Rome. His writings include The Jewish War, The Antiquities of the Jews, Against Apion and an Autobiography.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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